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Long term side effects of tooth extraction

Long-term Side Effects Of Tooth Extraction

If you are looking for an answer to “Long-term Side Effects Of Tooth Extraction”, You are at right place!

When you hear the words “tooth extraction,” you might envision a quick visit to the dentist, followed by some discomfort and a bit of rest. However, what most people don’t realize is that tooth extraction can have lasting effects beyond the immediate recovery phase.

According to a study, young patients in good physical condition face a postoperative infection risk of around 10% after undergoing third molar extraction. On the other hand, those with a compromised immune system before the procedure may encounter a heightened risk of up to 25% for postoperative infections.

In this article, we’ll delve into the long-term side effects of tooth extraction, side effects of tooth extraction for braces and what you should avoid after tooth extraction.

If you have ever undergone a tooth extraction or are considering one in the future, this article will equip you with the knowledge you need to make informed decisions about your dental health

Table of Contents

What is tooth extraction?

Tooth extraction is a dental procedure in which a tooth is removed from its socket in the jawbone. It is typically performed by a dentist or oral surgeon and is often considered a last resort when other dental treatments are not feasible or have failed to address the issue.

Tooth extraction may be recommended for various reasons, including:

Severe tooth decay that cannot be treated with a dental filling or root canal therapy

Tooth decay or cavity is a condition in which bacteria break down the enamel and dentin of the teeth. If tooth decay is left untreated, it can lead to cavities, which can eventually become so large that they cannot be repaired with a filling. Besides, tooth decay smells really bad. In these cases, tooth extraction after tooth decay may be necessary.

Irreparable damage to the tooth due to trauma or fracture

Trauma or fracture can cause significant damage to a tooth, sometimes to the point where it cannot be repaired.

For example, a tooth that has been knocked completely out of its socket may not be able to be replanted, and a tooth that has been cracked or chipped may be at risk of further damage.

In these cases, tooth extraction may be the best option. Sometimes , lip piercings can also cause gum erosin and further damage to teeth. It is important to choose lip piercings that don’t damage teeth.

Overcrowding of teeth, which may require extraction to create space for orthodontic treatment

If the teeth are overcrowded, the orthodontist may recommend extracting one or more teeth to create space for the remaining teeth to move into their proper positions. This can help to improve the appearance and function of the smile.

Infection or abscess that cannot be treated with antibiotics or root canal therapy

An abscess is a collection of pus that can form around a tooth due to infection. If an abscess is not treated, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause serious health problems. In some cases, an abscess may be so severe that it cannot be treated with antibiotics or root canal therapy. In these cases, tooth extraction may be necessary to remove the source of the infection.

Impacted wisdom teeth that can cause pain, inflammation, and other dental issues

Wisdom teeth are the four molars that are located at the back of the mouth. They typically erupt between the ages of 17 and 24. However, in some cases, wisdom teeth may become impacted, meaning that they do not have enough room to erupt properly.

Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain, inflammation, and other dental problems, such as crowding and damage to other teeth. In these cases, tooth extraction may be necessary.

During the extraction, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth, ensuring a painless procedure.

Long-term Side Effects Of Tooth Extraction

After the extraction, patients are provided with post-operative instructions to promote proper healing and prevent complications such as infection or dry socket.

These instructions typically include guidelines for eating, oral hygiene, and managing any discomfort or swelling.

How tooth extraction is done?

Before the extraction, the dentist assesses the tooth’s condition through examination and X-rays.

Local anesthesia is administered to numb the area, ensuring a painless procedure.

For simple extractions, the dentist uses specialized instruments called elevator to loosen and remove the tooth.

In more complex cases, like impacted wisdom teeth, a surgical approach may be necessary, involving incisions and sectioning of the tooth.

After extraction, post-operative care and follow-up appointments are essential for proper healing and to prevent complications.

Immediate side effects of tooth extraction

Following a tooth extraction, patients can expect to experience some immediate side effects.

These side effects are a normal part of the healing process and typically subside within a few days to a week.

The most common immediate side effects include pain, swelling, bleeding, and bruising.

Pain at the extraction site is to be expected as the local anesthesia wears off, and it can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribed medication.

Swelling and bruising may also occur, especially if the extraction involved a surgical procedure. Applying an ice pack to the area and taking prescribed anti-inflammatory medication can help reduce these symptoms.

Additionally, some bleeding is normal immediately after the extraction, and biting down on a gauze pad can help control it.

It is essential to follow the post-operative care instructions provided by the dentist to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.

What are Long-term Side Effects of Tooth Extraction?

While tooth extraction is sometimes the best solution to address dental issues, it’s vital to consider the problems after tooth extraction.

Let’s take a closer look at tooth extraction side effects:

Dry Socket:

Dry socket, or alveolar osteitis, is a common complication that can occur after a tooth extraction.

It happens when the blood clot that forms in the socket to promote healing becomes dislodged or dissolves prematurely. As a result, the underlying bone and nerves become exposed, leading to severe pain, bad breath, and delayed healing.

Smokers, those with poor oral hygiene, and individuals who use straws after extraction are at a higher risk of developing dry socket.

To prevent this complication, it’s essential to follow the dentist’s post-operative instructions carefully, avoid smoking, and refrain from using straws for the recommended healing period.


Infection is another possible problem after tooth extraction.

Bacteria can enter the extraction site and multiply, leading to swelling, redness, tenderness, and even fever.

Proper oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, can help minimize the risk of infection.

If any signs of infection are observed, such as persistent pain or swelling, it’s crucial to contact the dentist promptly for evaluation and appropriate treatment.

Excessive Bleeding:

While some bleeding is normal after tooth extraction, excessive or prolonged bleeding may indicate a problem.

Certain medical conditions, medications, or clotting disorders can increase the risk of excessive bleeding.

If bleeding persists or becomes uncontrollable, immediate dental attention is necessary to address the issue and prevent complications.

Swelling and Bruising:

Swelling and bruising around the extraction site are common side effects and typically subside within a few days.

However, in some cases, excessive or persistent swelling may indicate an infection or other complications.

Applying ice packs to the affected area during the first 24 hours can help reduce swelling.

If swelling worsens or does not improve, it’s essential to consult the dentist.

Nerve Damage:

While rare, nerve damage is a potential complication of tooth extraction, especially for lower wisdom teeth.

Nerve damage can cause tingling, numbness, or altered sensation in the lips, chin, or tongue.

Most nerve injuries resolve over time, but communication with the dentist is essential for monitoring and managing the condition effectively.

Delayed Healing:

In some cases, the healing process after tooth extraction may take longer than expected.

Factors such as underlying medical conditions, poor oral hygiene, smoking, or certain medications can contribute to delayed healing.

Maintaining good oral hygiene, following post-operative instructions, and avoiding activities that may disrupt the extraction site are essential for promoting proper healing.

Loss of Bone and Gum Tissue:

After tooth extraction, there may be a gradual loss of bone and gum tissue around the extraction site.

This can lead to changes in facial appearance and impact the placement of dental implants or other restorative treatments in the future.

Discussing potential tooth replacement options with the dentist can help prevent or minimize such complications.

Adjacent Teeth Shifting:

The extraction of a tooth can create space in the dental arch, leading to adjacent teeth shifting or tilting over time.

This can cause misalignment, difficulty in cleaning, and potential bite issues.

Addressing the gap with suitable tooth replacement options, such as dental bridges or implants, can help prevent further complications.

Sinus Problems:

There maybe some sinus problems after tooth extraction. In the case of upper molar or premolar extractions, the sinus cavity may be located close to the extraction site.

During the procedure, there is a possibility of accidentally perforating the sinus membrane, resulting in a communication between the oral cavity and the sinus. This condition can lead to sinus problems, such as sinusitis, where bacteria may enter the sinus cavity, causing inflammation and infection.

Proper evaluation and care by the dentist or oral surgeon are essential to prevent and address such complications.

Difficulty Eating and Speaking:

Depending on the location and number of teeth extracted, individuals may experience difficulty eating and speaking, especially immediately after the procedure is negative effect of tooth extraction.

Missing teeth can affect proper speech and chewing function, impacting dietary choices and nutrition.

Exploring suitable tooth replacement options, such as dentures or dental implants, can help restore normal eating and speaking abilities.

Displacement of Sutures:

Sutures are used to close the surgical site after tooth extraction, promoting healing and reducing bleeding.

However, in some cases, sutures may become displaced or loosen prematurely. This can delay the healing process and potentially lead to complications.

If sutures come out before the recommended healing period, it’s essential to contact the dentist for further evaluation and possible re-suturing.

Jaw Stiffness and Muscle Pain:

Jaw problems after tooth extraction are one of side-effects of tooth extraction. Some individuals may experience jaw stiffness and muscle pain after tooth extraction, resulting in limited mouth-opening.

This is a typical post-operative occurrence that usually resolves within a few days.

Applying warm compresses to the affected area can help alleviate discomfort and improve jaw mobility.

Psychological Impact:

one other teeth extraction side effect is on mental health. Tooth extraction can have psychological implications, especially for individuals with dental anxiety or fear.

A challenging or painful extraction experience may lead to increased anxiety, fear of dental visits, and dental phobia.

Open communication with the dentist, discussing fears or concerns, and seeking support through relaxation techniques or sedation options can help individuals cope with the psychological impact of tooth extraction.

Delayed Closure of Extraction Site:

In some cases, the extraction site may take longer to close or heal completely, leading to an open cavity.

This can expose the underlying bone and soft tissues, increasing the risk of infection and complications. Keeping the extraction site clean with gentle rinses and following the dentist’s instructions for post-operative care are essential for proper healing.

Potential changes to facial structure

Another lesser-known long-term side effect of tooth extraction is the potential for changes to the facial structure.

The loss of a tooth can contribute to facial sagging, as the underlying bone structure gradually deteriorates. This can result in a sunken appearance, wrinkling of the skin, and an overall aged look.

Additionally, the loss of teeth can affect the alignment of the jaw, impacting the way the lips meet and resulting in changes to the facial profile. These changes can have a significant impact on a person’s self-esteem and confidence.

Understanding these potential consequences can help patients explore alternative treatments and take preventive measures to maintain their facial structure and overall appearance

Taste Disturbances:

In rare instances, individuals may experience taste disturbances after tooth extraction. This can manifest as altered taste perception or a metallic taste in the mouth.

While taste disturbances are usually temporary, it’s essential to inform the dentist if such issues persist for an extended period.

Eye problems after tooth extraction

What are tooth extraction side effects on eyes? Believe it or not, there can be an indirect impact of tooth extraction on your eyes.

Severe infections or complications such as  diplopia, ptosis, and amaurosis resulting from tooth extraction can sometimes spread to the surrounding tissues, including the eye socket.

This requires immediate medical attention to prevent potential vision-threatening consequences.

Long term Side effects of tooth extraction for braces

Tooth extraction is sometimes recommended as part of an orthodontic treatment plan to create space for teeth alignment.

However, it’s essential to be aware of potential long-term consequences:

Lengthened Orthodontic Treatment:

Extracting teeth can extend the duration of orthodontic treatment, as it takes time for gaps to close and teeth to move into their proper positions.

Potential Relapse:

There’s always a risk of teeth shifting back to their original positions after orthodontic treatment. Extraction sites may be more prone to relapse due to the absence of teeth supporting adjacent ones

Mouth Breathing:

After tooth extraction for orthodontics, some individuals may experience an increased tendency to breathe through their mouths. Mouth breathing can lead to dry mouth, bad breath, and an elevated risk of dental issues.

Mouth Breather Face:

The retraction of teeth after extractions can cause changes in the facial profile, resulting in a flat face, flat cheeks, and the nose sticking out. This can contribute to wrinkles and an aged appearance.

Sleep Apnea:

Tooth extraction can reduce space for the tongue, forcing it backward and potentially obstructing the throat (airway) during sleep. This can increase the risk of sleep apnea, leading to disrupted sleep and possible health problems such as hypertension and heart disease.

Teeth Clenching and Bruxism:

Changes in bite alignment after tooth extraction may increase the risk of teeth clenching and bruxism (grinding), leading to dental problems and chronic pain in the jaw, neck, and head.

TMJ Pain:

Tooth extraction and orthodontic treatment can cause misalignment of the jaw, resulting in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and dysfunction.

Poor Posture:

Alterations in dental alignment due to extraction orthodontics can impact overall posture, leading to issues with the neck, back, and shoulders.

Can tooth extraction cause death?

Tooth extraction is generally considered a safe procedure, and the risk of death directly related to the extraction itself is extremely low. According to available data and medical literature, the death rate from tooth extraction is exceedingly rare, estimated to be less than 1 in 100,000 cases.

The primary causes of death associated with tooth extraction are typically related to severe complications or underlying medical conditions, rather than the extraction procedure itself. Some of these complications may include severe infection, excessive bleeding (hemorrhage), adverse reactions to anesthesia, or pre-existing medical conditions that are exacerbated during the procedure.

Side Effects of tooth extraction during Pregnancy:

Tooth extraction during pregnancy is a dental procedure that requires careful consideration and evaluation of potential risks and benefits. While tooth extraction is generally safe when performed by a skilled dentist, there are specific concerns and potential side effects that should be taken into account when pregnant. Some of the side effects of tooth extraction during pregnancy include:

  • Anesthesia concerns, certain types may be avoided during the first trimester.
  • Increased risk of infection due to changes in the immune system.
  • Potential for increased bleeding during and after extraction.
  • Limitations on pain medications safe for pregnant women.
  • Discomfort during the procedure due to positioning and pregnancy-related changes.
  • Stress and anxiety may be heightened during dental procedures.
  • Nausea and gag reflex sensitivity may cause discomfort.
  • Importance of discussing dental health and needs with healthcare providers.
  • Emphasis on preventive dental care and regular check-ups before pregnancy.
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene to prevent dental issues during pregnancy.

Ways to minimize long-term side effects after tooth extraction:

While tooth extraction may be unavoidable in some cases, there are steps that can be taken to minimize the long-term side effects.

Firstly, it is crucial to have a thorough discussion with the dentist about the necessity of the extraction and the potential risks involved.

Seeking a second opinion can also provide valuable insights and alternative treatment options.

In some cases, dentists may recommend orthodontic treatment or dental implants to restore the missing tooth and prevent any negative effects on adjacent teeth and jawbone structure.

Here are some ways to minimize long-term side effects of tooth extraction:

  1. Follow Post-Operative Instructions: Listen carefully to the dentist’s post-operative instructions and follow them diligently. These instructions may include avoiding smoking, using straws, or consuming hard or sticky foods during the initial healing period. Adhering to these guidelines can help prevent complications like dry socket and infection.
  2. Practice Good Oral Hygiene: Maintaining proper oral hygiene is essential after tooth extraction. Gently brush your teeth, avoiding the extraction site for the first 24 hours, and floss regularly to keep the surrounding teeth and gums clean. Use a mild mouthwash, if advised by the dentist, to reduce the risk of infection.
  3. Control Bleeding and Swelling: Apply gentle pressure on the extraction site with gauze pads immediately after the procedure to control bleeding. Applying ice packs to the outside of the face in intervals during the first 24 hours can help minimize swelling.
  4. Take Prescribed Medications: If the dentist prescribes pain medications or antibiotics, take them as directed. Pain medications will help manage discomfort, while antibiotics can prevent infection.
  5. Maintain a Soft Diet: Stick to a soft diet for the first few days after the extraction. Avoid solid food after tooth extraction that may irritate the extraction site. Opt for soft foods like soups, mashed potatoes, yogurt, and smoothies.
  6. Avoid Disturbing the Extraction Site: Avoid touching or poking the extraction site with your tongue, fingers, or any objects. Disturbing the site can dislodge the blood clot and slow down healing.
  7. Attend Follow-Up Appointments: Schedule and attend follow-up appointments with the dentist as recommended. Regular check-ups allow the dentist to monitor the healing process and address any concerns promptly.
  8. Consider Tooth Replacement Options: If the extraction leaves a gap in the dental arch, discuss tooth replacement options with the dentist. Dental implants, bridges, or dentures can help maintain proper dental alignment and prevent adjacent teeth from shifting.
  9. Limit Physical Activities: Avoid strenuous physical activities for the first few days after tooth extraction. Elevating your head while sleeping can also help reduce swelling.
  10. Manage Stress and Anxiety: Stress and anxiety can impact the healing process. Engage in relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, to stay calm and promote healing.
  11. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and support the healing process. Adequate hydration can also help flush out bacteria from the mouth.
  12. Avoid Alcohol and Tobacco Products: Refrain from consuming alcohol and tobacco products during the healing period, as they can slow down the healing process and increase the risk of complications.

What to avoid after tooth extraction?

Here are some Do’s and Don’ts after tooth extraction:

Dos After Tooth ExtractionDon’ts After Tooth Extraction
Bite down on gauze pad for 30-45 minutes to control bleedingAvoid touching or poking the extraction site with your tongue, fingers, or any objects
Apply ice packs to reduce swellingDo not rinse or spit vigorously for the first 24 hours
Keep the head elevated while sleeping to minimize swellingAvoid using straws, as sucking can dislodge the blood clot
Take prescribed pain medications as directedRefrain from smoking or using tobacco products
Follow post-operative instructions for oral careAvoid consuming hot, spicy, or hard foods that may irritate the extraction site
Eat soft, cold, and liquid foods for the first 24 hoursDo not drink alcohol, as it can interfere with healing
Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydratedAvoid vigorous physical activities for a few days
Maintain good oral hygiene, brushing gently around the extraction siteDo not skip follow-up appointments with your dentist
Use a saltwater rinse after 24 hours for mouth cleaningAvoid using toothpicks or flossing near the extraction site
Keep your mouth clean to prevent infectionDo not ignore any signs of infection or unusual symptoms

Final Thoughts:

In conclusion, tooth extraction can have lasting effects beyond the immediate post-procedure phase. Understanding Long-term Side Effects Of Tooth Extraction is essential for making informed decisions about your dental health and well-being. Regular dental check-ups, open communication with your dentist, and proactive care can help minimize any adverse effects, ensuring a healthy and radiant smile for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can tooth extraction cause a sore throat?

It’s possible, especially if the procedure involved intubation, but it should resolve within a few days.

2. What are the side effects of wisdom tooth extraction?

Side effects may include pain, swelling, dry socket, paresthesia, and infection, which are usually temporary and manageable.

3. Can tooth extraction affect eyesight?

Extremely rare cases of complications from tooth extraction can potentially spread to the eye socket, leading to vision-threatening issues.

4. How long do tooth extraction side effects last?

Immediate side effects usually subside within a week or two, while long-term effects develop gradually.

5. Are there alternatives to tooth extraction?

In some cases, there may be alternatives, such as root canal therapy or dental crowns. Discuss all options with your dentist.

6. Can tooth extraction be performed during pregnancy?:

It can be done in emergencies, but consult your obstetrician and dentist to ensure safety.


I am Zara, a driven and passionate blogger with a deep love for writing and a strong desire to connect with my readers. I am always on the lookout for the latest trends and news in fashion, beauty, entertainment and daily life tips. I love to share my knowledge with others. I am always looking for new ways to learn and grow, and I am committed to providing my readers with the most accurate and up-to-date information.
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